This tool creates self-signed certificates that can be used in this test environment. First, provide your data, a public certificate, and a private key. The CSR(certificate signing request) will be created for you.
One of the first stages toward getting your SSL/TLS certificate is to create a certificate signing request (CSR). The CSR, generated on the same server where the certificate will be installed, provides information that the Certificate Authority (CA) will use to construct your certificate (e.g. common name, organization, and country). It is also signed and contains the public key that will be included in your certificate.
A CSR (Certificate Signing Request) is a tiny, encoded text file that contains information about your company and the domain you want to secure. It is usually generated on the server where the certificate is to be placed and is required to activate a digital SSL certificate. The Certificate Authority receives a CSR, which is then used to generate the certificate.
The certificate requester must first create a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) for a domain name or hostname on your web server before you can build your SSL Certificate.
The CSR is a standardized mechanism to submit your public key to the issuing Certificate Authority (CA), linked with a secret private key on the server. It includes the following information about the requester:
For working with X.509 certificates, certificate signing requests (CSRs), and cryptographic keys, OpenSSL is a convenient open-source command-line tool. If you're running a UNIX-based operating system like Linux or macOS, OpenSSL is almost certainly already installed.
It is a foundation of Public Key Infrastructure. A private key is a critical component of current web security (PKI). It's a cryptographic sequence used to encrypt and decode data in conjunction with an algorithm.
Depending on the complexity and length of a key, brute forcing a website's security system might be amazingly easy or completely difficult. The current minimum prescribed key length, for example, is 2048 bits. By brute-forcing this level of security, it would take trillions of years for modern PCs to breakthrough.
Generate a new private key and Certificate Signing Request
openssl req -out CSR.csr -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout privatekey.key
Generate a self-signed certificate
openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout privatekey.key -out certificate.crt
Generate a certificate signing request (CSR) for an existing private key
openssl req -out CSR.csr -key privatekey.key -new
Generate a certificate signing request based on an existing certificate
openssl x509 -x509toreq -in certificate.crt -out CSR.csr -signkey privatekey.key
Remove a passphrase from a private key
openssl rsa -in privateKey.pem -out newprivatekey.pem
Convert a DER file (.crt .cer .der) to PEM
openssl x509 -inform der -in certificate.cer -out certificate.pem
Convert a PEM file to DER
openssl x509 -outform der -in certificate.pem -out certificate.der
Convert a PKCS#12 file (.pfx .p12) containing a private key and certificates to PEM
openssl pkcs12 -in keyStore.pfx -out keystore.pem -nodes
You can add -nocerts to only output the private key or add -nokeys to only output the certificates.
Convert a PEM certificate file and a private key to PKCS#12 (.pfx .p12)
openssl pkcs12 -export -out certificate.pfx -inkey privateKey.key -in certificate.crt -certfile
If you automate a mess, you get an automated mess.Rod Michael