GIT Commands Cheat Sheet

Quick reference GIT commands you should know.

git config --global “[firstname lastname]”
Set a name that is identifiable for credit when review version history
git config --global “[valid-email]”
Set an email address that will be associated with each history marker
git config --global color.ui auto
Set automatic command line coloring for Git for easy reviewing
git config --global --list
Lists the git configuration for all repos
git config --global --edit
Opens an editor to edit the git config file
git config --global core.editor <editor_name>
Config default editor
Setup & Init
git init
Initialize an existing directory as a Git repository
git clone [url]
Retrieve an entire repository from a hosted location via URL
Branch & Merge
git branch
List your branches. a * will appear next to the currently active branch
git branch [branch-name]
Create a new branch at the current commit
git branch -d [branch-name]
Deletes the specified branch
git checkout
Switch to another branch and check it out into your working directory
git merge [branch]
Merge the specified branch’s history into the current one
git log
Show all commits in the current branch’s history
Stage & Snapshot
git status
Show modified files in working directory, staged for your next commit
git add [file]
Add a file as it looks now to your next commit (stage)
git reset [file]
Unstage a file while retaining the changes in working directory
git diff
Diff of what is changed but not staged
git diff --staged
Diff of what is staged but not yet commited
git commit -m “[descriptive message]”
Commit your staged content as a new commit snapshot
Inspect & Compare
git log
Show the commit history for the currently active branch
git log branchB..branchA
Show the commits on branchA that are not on branchB
git log --follow [file]
Show the commits that changed file, even across renames
git diff branchB...branchA
Show the diff of what is in branchA that is not in branchB
git show [SHA]
Show any object in Git in human-readable format
Share & Update
git remote add [alias] [url]
Add a git URL as an alias
git fetch [alias]
Fetch down all the branches from that Git remote
git merge [alias]/[branch]
Merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date
git push [alias] [branch]
Transmit local branch commits to the remote repository branch
git pull
Fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch
Tracking Path Changes
git rm [file]
Delete the file from project and stage the removal for commit
git mv [existing-path] [new-path]
Change an existing file path and stage the move
git log --stat -M
Show all commit logs with indication of any paths that moved
Temporary Commits
git stash
Save modified and staged changes
git stash list
List stack-order of stashed file changes
git stash pop
Write working from top of stash stack
git stash drop
Discard the changes from top of stash stack
Rewrite History
git rebase [branch]
Apply any commits of current branch ahead of specified one
git reset --hard [commit]
Clear staging area, rewrite working tree from specified commit
Ignoring Patterns
Save a file with desired paterns as .gitignore with either direct string matches or wildcard globs
git config --global core.excludesfile [file]
System wide ignore patern for all local repositories
An open source, distributed version-control system
A platform for hosting and collaborating on Git repositories
A Git object, a snapshot of your entire repository compressed into a SHA
A lightweight movable pointer to a commit
A local version of a repository, including all commits and branches
A common repository on GitHub that all team members use to exchange their changes
A copy of a repository on GitHub owned by a different user
pull request
A place to compare and discuss the differences introduced on a branch with reviews, comments, integrated tests, and more
Representing your current working directory, the HEAD pointer can be moved to different branches, tags, or commits when using git switch
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Knowledge is power.

Francis Bacon